Federal security managers expect that most federally run systems are actively engaging with FISMA compliance for protecting federal data and systems. However, as we all know, federal information does not remain only in federally operated systems. Data and IT systems connect via the internet and other networks for business, operations and research. Information about citizens, banking and finance, research and development, and many other federal connected systems transmit data outside the federal networks—and their security compliance standards. So it makes sense that FISMA would adapt to address more than the original scope of perceived threats and specifically address systems and data security that inter-agency networks, vendors, contracts and supply chain puts at risk.